Sun Protection Among Spanish Beachgoers

Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour

M. C. Cercato, V. Ramazzotti, I. Sperduti, A. Asensio-Pascual, I. Ribes, C. Guillén, E. Nagore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the level of awareness on the risks related to sun exposure, attitude towards sun protection and sun protection behaviour in Spanish beachgoers. During the summer of 2009, trained assistants conducted a structured interview with 630 sunbathers at the beaches of Valencia, Spain, via administrating a questionnaire including the following: (a) general data (age, gender, education, profession), (b) “knowledge” and “attitude” items and (c) self-assessed sun sensitivity, sun exposure and sun protection characteristics. The health belief model was used to evaluate factors that may influence on engaging healthy behaviour. The median age was 30 (2–82) years; the M/F ratio was 0.60. Despite the widespread regular (“often” or “always”, 80 %) use of high (>15) sun-protective factor sunscreens, current recommendations on sun protection were not regularly followed, and a history of sunburns is very common (70 %). At multivariate analysis, female gender, age, fair hair, freckles, all-day use of sunscreens and wearing sunglasses were independent factors associated with having sunburn history. A high knowledge and a fairly good attitude emerged (median scores, 6/7 and 22/30, respectively). Age class (p = 0.032), educational level (p <0.0001), sunscreen use (p = 0.048) and adequate timing of the first application of sunscreens (p = 0.015) were predictors of awareness, while factors associated with a more favourable attitude were educational level (p <0.0001) and regular use of hats (p = 0.001). Wrong beliefs mainly concern sunscreens (false safety); the attractiveness of a tanned look is the main unfavourable attitude. Physical and motivational barriers are common (80 %). The findings by highlighting constitutional and psychosocial factors involved in unhealthy behaviour provide useful information to promote sun-safe interventions in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-11
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Solar System
Sunscreening Agents
Sunburn
Melanosis
Architectural Accessibility
Spain
Hair
Multivariate Analysis
Interviews
Psychology
Safety
Education
Health

Keywords

  • Beach
  • Questionnaires
  • Skin cancer prevention
  • Sun exposure
  • Sunburn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Oncology

Cite this

Sun Protection Among Spanish Beachgoers : Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour. / Cercato, M. C.; Ramazzotti, V.; Sperduti, I.; Asensio-Pascual, A.; Ribes, I.; Guillén, C.; Nagore, E.

In: Journal of Cancer Education, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2015, p. 4-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cercato, M. C. ; Ramazzotti, V. ; Sperduti, I. ; Asensio-Pascual, A. ; Ribes, I. ; Guillén, C. ; Nagore, E. / Sun Protection Among Spanish Beachgoers : Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour. In: Journal of Cancer Education. 2015 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 4-11.
@article{6cc408c9dd84433085090de83ad0f7be,
title = "Sun Protection Among Spanish Beachgoers: Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour",
abstract = "This study aims to investigate the level of awareness on the risks related to sun exposure, attitude towards sun protection and sun protection behaviour in Spanish beachgoers. During the summer of 2009, trained assistants conducted a structured interview with 630 sunbathers at the beaches of Valencia, Spain, via administrating a questionnaire including the following: (a) general data (age, gender, education, profession), (b) “knowledge” and “attitude” items and (c) self-assessed sun sensitivity, sun exposure and sun protection characteristics. The health belief model was used to evaluate factors that may influence on engaging healthy behaviour. The median age was 30 (2–82) years; the M/F ratio was 0.60. Despite the widespread regular (“often” or “always”, 80 {\%}) use of high (>15) sun-protective factor sunscreens, current recommendations on sun protection were not regularly followed, and a history of sunburns is very common (70 {\%}). At multivariate analysis, female gender, age, fair hair, freckles, all-day use of sunscreens and wearing sunglasses were independent factors associated with having sunburn history. A high knowledge and a fairly good attitude emerged (median scores, 6/7 and 22/30, respectively). Age class (p = 0.032), educational level (p <0.0001), sunscreen use (p = 0.048) and adequate timing of the first application of sunscreens (p = 0.015) were predictors of awareness, while factors associated with a more favourable attitude were educational level (p <0.0001) and regular use of hats (p = 0.001). Wrong beliefs mainly concern sunscreens (false safety); the attractiveness of a tanned look is the main unfavourable attitude. Physical and motivational barriers are common (80 {\%}). The findings by highlighting constitutional and psychosocial factors involved in unhealthy behaviour provide useful information to promote sun-safe interventions in this population.",
keywords = "Beach, Questionnaires, Skin cancer prevention, Sun exposure, Sunburn",
author = "Cercato, {M. C.} and V. Ramazzotti and I. Sperduti and A. Asensio-Pascual and I. Ribes and C. Guill{\'e}n and E. Nagore",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1007/s13187-014-0671-5",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "4--11",
journal = "Journal of Cancer Education",
issn = "0885-8195",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sun Protection Among Spanish Beachgoers

T2 - Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour

AU - Cercato, M. C.

AU - Ramazzotti, V.

AU - Sperduti, I.

AU - Asensio-Pascual, A.

AU - Ribes, I.

AU - Guillén, C.

AU - Nagore, E.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - This study aims to investigate the level of awareness on the risks related to sun exposure, attitude towards sun protection and sun protection behaviour in Spanish beachgoers. During the summer of 2009, trained assistants conducted a structured interview with 630 sunbathers at the beaches of Valencia, Spain, via administrating a questionnaire including the following: (a) general data (age, gender, education, profession), (b) “knowledge” and “attitude” items and (c) self-assessed sun sensitivity, sun exposure and sun protection characteristics. The health belief model was used to evaluate factors that may influence on engaging healthy behaviour. The median age was 30 (2–82) years; the M/F ratio was 0.60. Despite the widespread regular (“often” or “always”, 80 %) use of high (>15) sun-protective factor sunscreens, current recommendations on sun protection were not regularly followed, and a history of sunburns is very common (70 %). At multivariate analysis, female gender, age, fair hair, freckles, all-day use of sunscreens and wearing sunglasses were independent factors associated with having sunburn history. A high knowledge and a fairly good attitude emerged (median scores, 6/7 and 22/30, respectively). Age class (p = 0.032), educational level (p <0.0001), sunscreen use (p = 0.048) and adequate timing of the first application of sunscreens (p = 0.015) were predictors of awareness, while factors associated with a more favourable attitude were educational level (p <0.0001) and regular use of hats (p = 0.001). Wrong beliefs mainly concern sunscreens (false safety); the attractiveness of a tanned look is the main unfavourable attitude. Physical and motivational barriers are common (80 %). The findings by highlighting constitutional and psychosocial factors involved in unhealthy behaviour provide useful information to promote sun-safe interventions in this population.

AB - This study aims to investigate the level of awareness on the risks related to sun exposure, attitude towards sun protection and sun protection behaviour in Spanish beachgoers. During the summer of 2009, trained assistants conducted a structured interview with 630 sunbathers at the beaches of Valencia, Spain, via administrating a questionnaire including the following: (a) general data (age, gender, education, profession), (b) “knowledge” and “attitude” items and (c) self-assessed sun sensitivity, sun exposure and sun protection characteristics. The health belief model was used to evaluate factors that may influence on engaging healthy behaviour. The median age was 30 (2–82) years; the M/F ratio was 0.60. Despite the widespread regular (“often” or “always”, 80 %) use of high (>15) sun-protective factor sunscreens, current recommendations on sun protection were not regularly followed, and a history of sunburns is very common (70 %). At multivariate analysis, female gender, age, fair hair, freckles, all-day use of sunscreens and wearing sunglasses were independent factors associated with having sunburn history. A high knowledge and a fairly good attitude emerged (median scores, 6/7 and 22/30, respectively). Age class (p = 0.032), educational level (p <0.0001), sunscreen use (p = 0.048) and adequate timing of the first application of sunscreens (p = 0.015) were predictors of awareness, while factors associated with a more favourable attitude were educational level (p <0.0001) and regular use of hats (p = 0.001). Wrong beliefs mainly concern sunscreens (false safety); the attractiveness of a tanned look is the main unfavourable attitude. Physical and motivational barriers are common (80 %). The findings by highlighting constitutional and psychosocial factors involved in unhealthy behaviour provide useful information to promote sun-safe interventions in this population.

KW - Beach

KW - Questionnaires

KW - Skin cancer prevention

KW - Sun exposure

KW - Sunburn

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939881501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939881501&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s13187-014-0671-5

DO - 10.1007/s13187-014-0671-5

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 4

EP - 11

JO - Journal of Cancer Education

JF - Journal of Cancer Education

SN - 0885-8195

IS - 1

ER -