Sunburn-related variables, secular trends of improved sun protection and short-term impact on sun attitude behavior in Italian primary schoolchildren: Analysis of the educational campaign "il Sole Amico" ("The sun as a friend")

Ignazio Stanganelli, Luigi Naldi, Simone Cazzaniga, Sara Gandini, Serena Magi, Pietro Quaglino, Simone Ribero, Marco Simonacci, Maria Antonietta Pizzichetta, Francesco Spagnolo, Giuseppe Palmieri, Paola Queirolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sun protection early in life is an essential issue for primary prevention of skin cancers. The Il Sole per Amico was an educational campaign among 66 Italian primary schools. A total of 12,188 questionnaires were completed at baseline. Overall, 9.4% children reported >1 sunburn during the last year and 44.7% parents a use of sunlamps. Independent factors associated with sunburns were: age, lower level of parents' education, light eye and skin color, freckles, nevi on arms, intense sun exposure during the last year, sporadic use of sunscreens, and parental use of sunlamps. A total of 7280 (59.7%) questionnaires were completed at the end of the educational intervention. No significant difference was documented about behavior between the pre- and post-intervention periods. A significant reduction was instead found in both prevalence of recent sunburns and total number of sunburn episodes after comparison with the data obtained by identical questionnaire in the same geographic areas in the "Sole Si Sole No" project in 2001.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere18078
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • medical education
  • melanoma
  • primary prevention
  • sun protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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