Sunburn-related variables, secular trends of improved sun protection and short-term impact on sun attitude behavior in Italian primary schoolchildren: Analysis of the educational campaign "il Sole Amico" ("The sun as a friend"): Medicine (United States)

I. Stanganelli, L. Naldi, S. Cazzaniga, S. Gandini, S. Magi, P. Quaglino, S. Ribero, M. Simonacci, M.A. Pizzichetta, F. Spagnolo, G. Palmieri, P. Queirolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sun protection early in life is an essential issue for primary prevention of skin cancers. The Il Sole per Amico was an educational campaign among 66 Italian primary schools. A total of 12,188 questionnaires were completed at baseline. Overall, 9.4% children reported >1 sunburn during the last year and 44.7% parents a use of sunlamps. Independent factors associated with sunburns were: age, lower level of parents' education, light eye and skin color, freckles, nevi on arms, intense sun exposure during the last year, sporadic use of sunscreens, and parental use of sunlamps. A total of 7280 (59.7%) questionnaires were completed at the end of the educational intervention. No significant difference was documented about behavior between the pre- and post-intervention periods. A significant reduction was instead found in both prevalence of recent sunburns and total number of sunburn episodes after comparison with the data obtained by identical questionnaire in the same geographic areas in the "Sole Si Sole No" project in 2001. © 2020 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere18078
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • medical education
  • melanoma
  • primary prevention
  • sun protection
  • sunscreen
  • Article
  • behavior change
  • child
  • comparative study
  • controlled study
  • dermatologist
  • female
  • high school
  • human
  • lentigo
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • preschool child
  • prevalence
  • primary school
  • priority journal
  • school child
  • skin color
  • student attitude
  • sun exposure
  • sunburn
  • ultraviolet radiation
  • attitude to health
  • child parent relation
  • clinical trial
  • Italy
  • multicenter study
  • program evaluation
  • psychology
  • questionnaire
  • skin tumor
  • student
  • Child
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parents
  • Program Evaluation
  • Skin Neoplasms
  • Students
  • Sunburn
  • Sunscreening Agents
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

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