18F-FET and 18F-FCH uptake in human glioblastoma T98G cell lines

Marco Giovanni Persico, Federica Eleonora Buroni, Francesca Pasi, Lorenzo Lodola, Carlo Aprile, Rosanna Nano, Marina Hodolic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Despite complex treatment of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, high grade gliomas often recur. Differentiation between post-treatment changes and recurrence is difficult. 18F-methyl-choline (18F-FCH) is frequently used in staging and detection of recurrent prostate cancer disease as well as some brain tumours; however accumulation in inflammatory tissue limits its specificity. The 18F-ethyl-tyrosine (18F-FET) shows a specific uptake in malignant cells, resulting from increased expression of amino acid transporters or diffusing through the disrupted blood-brain barrier. 18F-FET exhibits lower uptake in machrophages and other inflammatory cells. Aim of this study was to evaluate 18F-FCH and 18F-FET uptake by human glioblastoma T98G cells. Human glioblastoma T98G or human dermal fibroblasts cells, seeded at a density to obtain 2 × 105 cells per flask when radioactive tracers were administered, grew adherent to the plastic surface at 37°C in 5% CO2 in complete medium. Equimolar amounts of radiopharmaceuticals were added to cells for different incubation times (20 to 120 minutes) for 18F-FCH and 18F-FET respectively. The cellular radiotracer uptake was determined with a gamma counter. All experiments were carried out in duplicate and repeated three times. The uptake measurements are expressed as the percentage of the administered dose of tracer per 2 × 105 cells. Data (expressed as mean values of % uptake of radiopharmaceuticals) were compared using parametric or non-parametric tests as appropriate. Differences were regarded as statistically significant when p18F-FCH was seen in T98G cells at 60, 90 and 120 minutes. The percentage uptake of 18F-FET in comparison to 18F-FCH was lower by a factor of more than 3, with different kinetic curves.18F-FET showed a more rapid initial uptake up to 40 minutes and 18F-FCH showed a progressive rise reaching a maximum after 90 minutes. 18F-FCH and 18F-FET are candidates for neuro-oncological PET imaging. 18F-FET could be the most useful oncological PET marker in the presence of reparative changes after therapy, where the higher affinity of 18F-FCH to inflammatory cells makes it more difficult to discriminate between tumour persistence and non-neoplastic changes. Additional studies on the influence of inflammatory tissue and radionecrotic cellular components on radiopharmaceutical uptake are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-158
Number of pages6
JournalRadiology and Oncology
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

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Glioblastoma
Cell Line
Radiopharmaceuticals
Radioactive Tracers
Amino Acid Transport Systems
fluorocholine
Blood-Brain Barrier
Brain Neoplasms
Glioma
Plastics
Prostatic Neoplasms
Radiotherapy
Therapeutics
Fibroblasts
Recurrence
Drug Therapy
Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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18F-FET and 18F-FCH uptake in human glioblastoma T98G cell lines. / Persico, Marco Giovanni; Buroni, Federica Eleonora; Pasi, Francesca; Lodola, Lorenzo; Aprile, Carlo; Nano, Rosanna; Hodolic, Marina.

In: Radiology and Oncology, Vol. 50, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 153-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Persico, Marco Giovanni ; Buroni, Federica Eleonora ; Pasi, Francesca ; Lodola, Lorenzo ; Aprile, Carlo ; Nano, Rosanna ; Hodolic, Marina. / 18F-FET and 18F-FCH uptake in human glioblastoma T98G cell lines. In: Radiology and Oncology. 2016 ; Vol. 50, No. 2. pp. 153-158.
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