Background: The Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) is based on preterm infant's observation during hospitalization and considers infant's behavior as the key to evaluate the level of neurobehavioral maturation. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of NIDCAP program on mother's support and infant development. Study Design: Non-randomized controlled study, including 43 infants of 32 weeks gestation receiving either a Standard Care (SC) or NIDCAP assessment. The Nurse Parent Support Tool (NPST) was given to mothers before discharge to evaluate the support given by NICU staff. Infants' motor, visual and auditory development was investigated by a neurofunctional assessment (NFA) at term and at 3 months. The effect of NIDCAP assessment on length of hospital stay and feeding status at discharge were also evaluated. Results: Mothers in the NIDCAP group awarded higher scores in the majority of the NPST items than mothers in the SC group. NFA at term resulted to be normal in a significant higher percentage of infants that underwent NIDCAP, while no difference could be detected at 3 months. Conclusions: NIDCAP is an effective program to promote mothers' involvement in infants' care, that, in turn, could endorse infants' neurofunctional development in the short term.
- Neonatal intensive care unit
- Preterm infants
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology