Supraglottic airway devices for surfactant treatment: systematic review and meta-analysis

Maria Grazia Calevo, Nicola Veronese, Francesco Cavallin, Cavicchioli Paola, Massimo Micaglio, Daniele Trevisanuto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare surfactant administration via supraglottic airway device (SAD) vs. nasal CPAP alone or INSURE.

STUDY DESIGN: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Clinicaltrials.gov was performed. Articles meeting inclusion criteria (RCT, surfactant administration via SAD, laryngeal mask, I-gel) were assessed RESULTS: Five RCTs were eligible. Surfactant administration via SAD reduced the need for intubation/mechanical ventilation (RR 0.57, 95%CI 0.38-0.85) and short-term oxygen requirements (MD -8.00, 95%CI -11.09 to -4.91) compared to nCPAP alone. Surfactant administration via SAD reduced the need for intubation/mechanical ventilation (RR 0.43, 95%CI 0.31-0.61), but increased short-term oxygen requirements (MD 3.10, 95%CI 0.51-5.69) compared to INSURE approach.

CONCLUSIONS: In preterm infants with RDS, surfactant administration via SAD reduces the need for intubation/mechanical ventilation. Overall, available literature includes few, small, poor-quality studies. Surfactant administration via SAD should be limited to clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-183
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

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