The surface and cytoplasmic expressions of the transducing chain (IFN- γR2) of the heterodimeric IFN-γ receptor on human T lymphocytes have been investigated. We show that its surface expression is low, whereas high cytoplasmic levels are found in both resting and PHA-activated T lymphocytes. This low expression does not prevent activated T cells from responding to IFN-γ, because it induces IFN-regulatory factor 1 expression. Low surface IFN-γR2 expression appears to be due to recycling between cytoplasmic stores and the cell surface, which does not depend on signals mediated by endogenous IFN-γ, because IFN-γR2 surface expression is low, and its internalization is equally observed in patients with inherited IFN-γR1 gene deficiency and in healthy donors. Moreover, IFN-γR2 internalization in T lymphoblasts from healthy donors was not affected by the presence of anti-IFN-γ-neutralizing or anti-IFN-γR1-blocking mAb. In conclusion, these data illustrate a new mechanism whereby human T cells limit the surface expression of IFN-γR2 in a ligand-independent manner.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2000|
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