Surface reactions of a plasma-sprayed CaO-P 2O 5-SiO 2-based glass with albumin, fibroblasts and granulocytes studied by XPS, fluorescence and chemiluminescence

Giovanni Polzonetti, Giovanna Iucci, Aleš Frontini, Guido Infante, Claudio Furlani, Luciana Avigliano, Domenico Del Principe, Giuseppe Palumbo, Nicola Rosato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to define the chemical composition of the outermost surface layer and the surface modification of a plasma-coated phospho-silicate glass (identified as BVA) when immersed in K- phosphate buffer or in phosphate buffered human albumin solution. Its behavior was compared with that of a soda-lime-based glass (identified as BVH) treated in the same way. The surface % composition of plasma-sprayed glass was consistent with bulk composition. After incubation with buffer, a Ca-P-rich layer developed only on the surface of BVA glass. Human serum albumin was bound reversibly to both glasses maintaining its native state. However, the protein completely covered the BVA glass surface within 24 h, with the formation of a mixed albumin-Ca-P layer, while 4 days incubation was necessary for complete coverage of BVH glass surface. Murine fibroblasts seeded on plasma-coated BVA glass showed a proliferation pattern similar to that of control cells grown on Petri dish, while cells seeded on BVH had more restricted growth. A limited response was induced in polymorphonuclear granulocytes by both bulk glasses powder. In conclusion, the glass identified as BVA has the suitable characteristics of its surface layers to be considered biologically active from both a chemical and a cellular point of view. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1531-1539
Number of pages9
JournalBiomaterials
Volume21
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Bioactive glass
  • Granulocytes
  • Surface modification
  • Thin surface films
  • XPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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