Surgery after intracranial investigation with subdural electrodes in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy: Outcome and complications

Roberta Morace, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Angelo Picardi, Pier Paolo Quarato, Antonio Sparano, Addolorata Mascia, Giulio Nicolò Meldolesi, Liliana Graciela Grammaldo, Marco De Risi, Vincenzo Esposito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Video-EEG monitoring with intracranial subdural electrodes is a useful assessment tool for the localization of the epileptogenic zone in patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. We aimed at assessing the morbidity related to electrode implantation and the surgical outcome in patients who underwent epilepsy surgery after intracranial EEG monitoring. All patients (N=58) admitted to our Epilepsy Surgery Centre for drug-resistant focal epilepsy who underwent resective surgery after intracranial monitoring with subdural electrodes and were followed up for at least 2 years were included in the study. Their mean age was 30.4 years (range 8-60 years), 25 (43 %) were female, and 44 (76 %) had a preoperatively detected structural lesion. The mean duration of invasive recording was 2.3 days (range 1-14 days). Extraoperative ECoG allowed the identification of the epileptogenic focus in all cases. The temporal lobe was involved in 21 (36 %) patients, whereas extratemporal foci were identified in 24 (41 %) patients. Thirteen patients (23 %) had multilobar involvement. Functional brain mapping was performed in 15 (26 %) patients. Transient complications related to electrode implantation occurred in three patients. Among patients with evidence of lesion on preoperative MRI, lesionectomy alone was performed in 12 cases (27 %), while it was combined with tailored cortical resection in the remaining cases. Tailored cortical resection was also performed in patients without evidence of lesion on MRI. After resective surgery, transient neurological deficits occurred in five cases, while another patient experienced permanent lateral homonymous hemianopia. At the last follow-up observation, 34 (57%) patients were seizure-free (Engel class I). This study suggests that invasive EEG recording with subdural electrodes may be useful and fairly safe for many candidates for epilepsy surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-526
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgical Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012


  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Extratemporal epilepsy
  • Outcome
  • Subdural electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery


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