Fifty-seven stage III lung cancer patients underwent radiochemotherapy and subsequent surgery. Forty radical (R -), six non-radical, and eleven exploratory operations were performed. Pneumonia (five cases), pulmonary insufficiency (one case), bronchial fistula (one case) were the major, non- fatal complications. Four deaths due to adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or pulmonary embolism occurred. Sixty percent of the 10 patients who had no viable tumor at operation survived 3 years, as well as 41% of those who achieved a complete remission by resection and 11% of those with residual disease (R+) after operation. However, the 1- and 2-year survival rates were similar. The main pattern of failure in R- and R+ patients was extra- and intra-RT-field progression, respectively. A slightly higher rate of postoperative complications, with respect to current practice, was observed. However, data lead to argument on the improvement of locoregional control and long-term survival following radical surgery.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Surgical Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
- combined treatments
- modality of failure
- post-treatment stage
ASJC Scopus subject areas