Surgery of Parkinson's disease: Inclusion criteria and follow-up

G. Broggi, A. Franzini, C. Marras, L. Romito, A. Albanese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive disturbances of movement that affects mainly the motor system. Prolonged pharmacological administration may result in insufficient control of symptoms and significant side effects. Deep brain stimulation (DBS), targeted at the STN, is a recent surgical procedure that, according to the symptoms response, allows modification of stimulation parameters; its effects are also reversible. In this paper management of surgical patients is reported. It includes patient selection, inclusion and exclusion criteria, postoperative clinical protocol. The evaluation rating scale such as UPDRS, Dyskinesias Rating Scale and Self-Reporting Questionnaire usually administrated on PD patients are analyzed. Surgical inclusion criteria are (1) idiopathic PD, (2) IV or V Hoehn-Yahr stage, (3) severe motor disability, and (4) no dementia or psychiatric abnormalities. Postoperative clinical protocol is analyzed and parameter of stimulation after surgery and at the follow up are reported. Generally DBS allows an improvement of rigidity and tremor; bradykinesia also improves with high frequency stimulation. Results obtained by continuous stimulation show a mean improvement of UPDRS of about 60% and a significant reduction in the drug intake.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurological Sciences
Volume24
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2003

Keywords

  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Subthalamic nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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