Surgical and survival outcomes in older women with endometrial cancer treated by laparoscopy

Gabriele Siesto, Stefano Uccella, Fabio Ghezzi, Antonella Cromi, Francesca Zefiro, Maurizio Serati, Pierfrancesco Bolis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgical management of apparently early-stage endometrial cancer in older women and to compare clinical outcomes between older and younger women. METHODS: Our prospective oncological database was retrospectively reviewed to identify all consecutive women who underwent surgery for endometrial cancer from 2002. Data available included information about demography, comorbidities, surgical outcomes, histology, adjuvant therapies, and follow-up. Women were divided in two groups according to age (older, >65 y, and younger, ≤65 y). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors that negatively impact disease-free and overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 48 (44.4%) older and 60 (55.6%) younger women were included. Groups were comparable in operative time, blood loss, need for blood transfusions, nodal count, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. Cancer in older women was more frequently upstaged than that in younger women (17 [35.4%] vs 8 [13.3%], respectively; P = 0.01). The 2-and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 82% versus 96% (P = 0.003) and 74% versus 93% (P = 0.0005) and the overall 2-and 5-year survival rates were 87% versus 98% (P = 0.006) and 83% versus 95% (P = 0.01) for older and younger women, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that advanced surgical stage, unfavorable histology, high-grade tumors (grade 3), and deep myometrial invasion (>50%) are independent risk factors for recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of absolute anesthesia contraindications, laparoscopy seems to be feasible and safe in older women with endometrial cancer. Comprehensive surgical staging should be offered, regardless of age, to avoid understaging and to optimize treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-544
Number of pages6
JournalMenopause
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Laparoscopy
  • Old women
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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