Surgical expertise in neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO): A single center experience

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Abstract

Introduction: The surgical technique for peripheral cannulation aimed at providing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is well described. Training methods for surgeons still need proper standardization, especially in newborn patients. This study aims to evaluate the surgical training outcomes of a neonatal ECMO team. Materials and Methods: A 4 year training program (2014–2018) was developed to achieve the skills in the surgical technique for neonatal veno-arterial ECMO. Surgeons with experience in neonatal and vascular surgery were selected for the training. The training consisted of educational sessions, high-fidelity simulations, in vivo swine model procedures, international fellowship, and periodical simulations. The preliminary clinical experience in surgical neonatal ECMO management (2016-present) was analyzed by recording the following data: indications for ECMO and patients’ data; effectiveness of cannulations (number; perioperative complications of cannulation; major surgical events during ECMO); efficacy of decannulation (number and perioperative complications). Results: 12 neonates (5 females) fitted the ELSO criteria for ECMO. Nine newborns were affected by CDH; 1 by H1N1 flu-related pneumonia; 1 by meconium aspiration syndrome and one by Respiratory Syncytial Virus related bronchiolitis. Mean weight at cannulation was 3,281 g (range 2,330–3,840 g); mean gestational age was 36 weeks. No procedure was aborted, and no intra-operatory mortality was recorded. Mean operative time was 86 ± 30 min. The caliber of the carotideal cannulas ranged from 8F (8 patients) to 10F (2 patients); the caliber of the jugular cannulas were: 8F cannula (2 patients), 10F (6 patients), and 12F (2 patients). Four complications occurred: a case of air in the circuit, two cases of azygous vein cannulation and a partial dislocation of the venous cannula during the daily care maneuvers. All of them were promptly recognized and successfully treated. The mean ECMO duration was 7.1 ± 4.2 days (range 2–16 days). Seven patients (78%) were decannulated effectively. Mean decannulation time was 53 min (range 45–80 min). No complications occurred during the decannulation process. No ECMO–related deaths were recorded. Conclusions: Neonatal respiratory ECMO still represents a challenge. Experienced neonatal surgeons can manage the neck vascular cannulation. The codified procedure must be adhered to after appropriate training and following a proper learning curve.

Original languageEnglish
Article number398
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
Volume7
Issue numberSEP
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Catheterization
Newborn Infant
Blood Vessels
Neck
Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
Bronchiolitis
Learning Curve
Respiratory Syncytial Viruses
Operative Time
Gestational Age
Veins
Pneumonia
Swine
Air
Education
Weights and Measures
Mortality
Cannula

Keywords

  • Child
  • ECMO
  • Neonatal
  • Surgery
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

@article{009115004a8d4c1494ae1bcc1d22da16,
title = "Surgical expertise in neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO): A single center experience",
abstract = "Introduction: The surgical technique for peripheral cannulation aimed at providing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is well described. Training methods for surgeons still need proper standardization, especially in newborn patients. This study aims to evaluate the surgical training outcomes of a neonatal ECMO team. Materials and Methods: A 4 year training program (2014–2018) was developed to achieve the skills in the surgical technique for neonatal veno-arterial ECMO. Surgeons with experience in neonatal and vascular surgery were selected for the training. The training consisted of educational sessions, high-fidelity simulations, in vivo swine model procedures, international fellowship, and periodical simulations. The preliminary clinical experience in surgical neonatal ECMO management (2016-present) was analyzed by recording the following data: indications for ECMO and patients’ data; effectiveness of cannulations (number; perioperative complications of cannulation; major surgical events during ECMO); efficacy of decannulation (number and perioperative complications). Results: 12 neonates (5 females) fitted the ELSO criteria for ECMO. Nine newborns were affected by CDH; 1 by H1N1 flu-related pneumonia; 1 by meconium aspiration syndrome and one by Respiratory Syncytial Virus related bronchiolitis. Mean weight at cannulation was 3,281 g (range 2,330–3,840 g); mean gestational age was 36 weeks. No procedure was aborted, and no intra-operatory mortality was recorded. Mean operative time was 86 ± 30 min. The caliber of the carotideal cannulas ranged from 8F (8 patients) to 10F (2 patients); the caliber of the jugular cannulas were: 8F cannula (2 patients), 10F (6 patients), and 12F (2 patients). Four complications occurred: a case of air in the circuit, two cases of azygous vein cannulation and a partial dislocation of the venous cannula during the daily care maneuvers. All of them were promptly recognized and successfully treated. The mean ECMO duration was 7.1 ± 4.2 days (range 2–16 days). Seven patients (78{\%}) were decannulated effectively. Mean decannulation time was 53 min (range 45–80 min). No complications occurred during the decannulation process. No ECMO–related deaths were recorded. Conclusions: Neonatal respiratory ECMO still represents a challenge. Experienced neonatal surgeons can manage the neck vascular cannulation. The codified procedure must be adhered to after appropriate training and following a proper learning curve.",
keywords = "Child, ECMO, Neonatal, Surgery, Training",
author = "Francesco Macchini and {Di Cesare}, Antonio and Anna Morandi and Martina Ichino and Genny Raffaeli and Federica Conigliaro and Gabriele Sorrentino and Simona Neri and Fabio Mosca and Ernesto Leva and Giacomo Cavallaro",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3389/fped.2019.00398",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Frontiers in Pediatrics",
issn = "2296-2360",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S. A.",
number = "SEP",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surgical expertise in neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

T2 - A single center experience

AU - Macchini, Francesco

AU - Di Cesare, Antonio

AU - Morandi, Anna

AU - Ichino, Martina

AU - Raffaeli, Genny

AU - Conigliaro, Federica

AU - Sorrentino, Gabriele

AU - Neri, Simona

AU - Mosca, Fabio

AU - Leva, Ernesto

AU - Cavallaro, Giacomo

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Introduction: The surgical technique for peripheral cannulation aimed at providing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is well described. Training methods for surgeons still need proper standardization, especially in newborn patients. This study aims to evaluate the surgical training outcomes of a neonatal ECMO team. Materials and Methods: A 4 year training program (2014–2018) was developed to achieve the skills in the surgical technique for neonatal veno-arterial ECMO. Surgeons with experience in neonatal and vascular surgery were selected for the training. The training consisted of educational sessions, high-fidelity simulations, in vivo swine model procedures, international fellowship, and periodical simulations. The preliminary clinical experience in surgical neonatal ECMO management (2016-present) was analyzed by recording the following data: indications for ECMO and patients’ data; effectiveness of cannulations (number; perioperative complications of cannulation; major surgical events during ECMO); efficacy of decannulation (number and perioperative complications). Results: 12 neonates (5 females) fitted the ELSO criteria for ECMO. Nine newborns were affected by CDH; 1 by H1N1 flu-related pneumonia; 1 by meconium aspiration syndrome and one by Respiratory Syncytial Virus related bronchiolitis. Mean weight at cannulation was 3,281 g (range 2,330–3,840 g); mean gestational age was 36 weeks. No procedure was aborted, and no intra-operatory mortality was recorded. Mean operative time was 86 ± 30 min. The caliber of the carotideal cannulas ranged from 8F (8 patients) to 10F (2 patients); the caliber of the jugular cannulas were: 8F cannula (2 patients), 10F (6 patients), and 12F (2 patients). Four complications occurred: a case of air in the circuit, two cases of azygous vein cannulation and a partial dislocation of the venous cannula during the daily care maneuvers. All of them were promptly recognized and successfully treated. The mean ECMO duration was 7.1 ± 4.2 days (range 2–16 days). Seven patients (78%) were decannulated effectively. Mean decannulation time was 53 min (range 45–80 min). No complications occurred during the decannulation process. No ECMO–related deaths were recorded. Conclusions: Neonatal respiratory ECMO still represents a challenge. Experienced neonatal surgeons can manage the neck vascular cannulation. The codified procedure must be adhered to after appropriate training and following a proper learning curve.

AB - Introduction: The surgical technique for peripheral cannulation aimed at providing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is well described. Training methods for surgeons still need proper standardization, especially in newborn patients. This study aims to evaluate the surgical training outcomes of a neonatal ECMO team. Materials and Methods: A 4 year training program (2014–2018) was developed to achieve the skills in the surgical technique for neonatal veno-arterial ECMO. Surgeons with experience in neonatal and vascular surgery were selected for the training. The training consisted of educational sessions, high-fidelity simulations, in vivo swine model procedures, international fellowship, and periodical simulations. The preliminary clinical experience in surgical neonatal ECMO management (2016-present) was analyzed by recording the following data: indications for ECMO and patients’ data; effectiveness of cannulations (number; perioperative complications of cannulation; major surgical events during ECMO); efficacy of decannulation (number and perioperative complications). Results: 12 neonates (5 females) fitted the ELSO criteria for ECMO. Nine newborns were affected by CDH; 1 by H1N1 flu-related pneumonia; 1 by meconium aspiration syndrome and one by Respiratory Syncytial Virus related bronchiolitis. Mean weight at cannulation was 3,281 g (range 2,330–3,840 g); mean gestational age was 36 weeks. No procedure was aborted, and no intra-operatory mortality was recorded. Mean operative time was 86 ± 30 min. The caliber of the carotideal cannulas ranged from 8F (8 patients) to 10F (2 patients); the caliber of the jugular cannulas were: 8F cannula (2 patients), 10F (6 patients), and 12F (2 patients). Four complications occurred: a case of air in the circuit, two cases of azygous vein cannulation and a partial dislocation of the venous cannula during the daily care maneuvers. All of them were promptly recognized and successfully treated. The mean ECMO duration was 7.1 ± 4.2 days (range 2–16 days). Seven patients (78%) were decannulated effectively. Mean decannulation time was 53 min (range 45–80 min). No complications occurred during the decannulation process. No ECMO–related deaths were recorded. Conclusions: Neonatal respiratory ECMO still represents a challenge. Experienced neonatal surgeons can manage the neck vascular cannulation. The codified procedure must be adhered to after appropriate training and following a proper learning curve.

KW - Child

KW - ECMO

KW - Neonatal

KW - Surgery

KW - Training

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U2 - 10.3389/fped.2019.00398

DO - 10.3389/fped.2019.00398

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