Surgical Reconstruction following Wide Local Excision of Malignant Melanoma of the Scalp

Ilaria Baldelli, Maria Lucia Mangialardi, Marzia Salgarello, Edoardo Raposio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Scalp reconstruction in cases of melanoma excision can be challenging due to specific functional and aesthetic outcome requirements. Reconstructive techniques reported in the literature were reviewed to establish whether a surgical algorithm for the management of melanoma of the scalp may be deduced. Methods: A literature search was conducted to evaluate reconstructive strategies after melanoma wide local excision of the scalp according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Inclusion criteria were English language, diagnosis of melanoma of the scalp, and the presence of the following data: characteristics of the residual defect (width and depth), type of reconstruction, follow-up, and surgical outcome. Results: Six hundred twenty-five records were identified after excluding the duplicates; 48 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, and 17 records were selected for inclusion. A total of 39 patients were included in the review. The majority of patients (n = 20) underwent skin grafting subsequent to dermal regeneration template positioning. Local flaps (n = 10), free flaps (n = 7), skin grafting alone (n = 1), and dermal regeneration template positioning alone (n = 1) were less frequent. Conclusions: Numerous reconstructive strategies for the scalp are described in the literature. Melanoma patients present a greater variability in terms of general health conditions and social needs that must be taken into account while choosing the most suitable procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3059
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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