Surgical treatment of cyst of the canal of Nuck and prevention of lymphatic complications: A single-center experience

C. Cornacchia, S. Dessalvi, F. Boccardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The canal of Nuck is a residue of the peritoneal evagination that runs along the round ligament through the inguinal canal in women. Its partial or total patency can lead to a cystic lymphangioma (CL). CL of the canal of Nuck in an adult female is a rare entity and its clinical diagnosis can be difficult or incorrect. Ultrasonography can be useful to identify the nature of groin masses. A potential CL of the canal of Nuck should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of inguinal swelling in adult females. Even if it is possible to consider conservative treatment, the optimal therapeutic option is surgical excision of the cystic mass and closure of the inguinal ring by an anterior approach. In this study, we report a case series of four women affected by a cyst of the canal of Nuck to underline the surgical treatment's therapeutic role of this pathological condition and the importance of preliminary identification of lymphatic vessels with BPV (Blue Patent Violet) in order to prevent lymphatic injuries such as lymphorrea and lymphocele in the groin after surgery due to the disruption of inguinal lymph nodes and lymphatics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-148
Number of pages6
JournalLymphology
Volume52
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • canal of Nuck
  • cystic lymphangioma
  • hydrocele
  • lymphatic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Hematology

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