Surgical treatment of intracranial dermoid and epidermoid cysts in children

M. Fornari, C. L. Solero, G. Lasio, S. Lodrini, M. R. Balestrini, C. Cimino, S. Visintini, F. Pluchino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Between 1956 and 1987 operations were performed on 36 patients below the age of 20 years for epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the central nervous system. Seventeen tumors were intracranial intradural lesions (47%): 12 were located in the supratentorial region (71%) and 5 were located in the infratentorial region (29%). Ten of these tumors (59%) were seated along the midline structures. The clinical presentation was consistent with the location of the tumors. The neuroradiological diagnosis was mostly made with the aid of pneumoencephalography, computed tomography (CT), nonionic contrast medium CT cisternography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Complete removal of the tumor contents was performed in all cases but one, although the completeness of removal of the tumor capsule could not be exactly estimated in some patients. At late follow-up only two tumor recurrences were observed. Radical removal of the tumor capsule of these congenital tumors, even when it is connected to vital neurovascular structures, seems advisable in patients who become symptomatic within the first two decades of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-70
Number of pages5
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1990

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Dermoid cysts
  • Epidermoid cysts
  • Magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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