Surveillance Transbronchial Biopsy Program to Evaluate Acute Rejection After Lung Transplantation: A Single Institution Experience

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There is no unanimity in the literature regarding the value of transbronchial biopsies (TBBs) performed at a scheduled time after lung transplantation (surveillance TBBs [SBs]), compared to biopsies performed for suspected clinical acute rejection (clinically indicated TBBs [CIBs]). This study exposes an assessment of our experience over the last 4 years through a retrospective analysis of the data collected. Methods: In our center, SBs are performed at 3, 6, and 12 months after a transplant. Data from 110 patients who underwent a TBB were collected from January 2013 to November 2017. Clinical and functional data along with the histologic results and complications were collected. Results: Overall 251 procedures were performed: 223 for surveillance purposes and 28 for clinical indications. The SBs diagnostic rate was 84%. A grade 2 acute rejection (AR) was detected in 9 asymptomatic patients, all of whom were medically treated, with downgrading of AR documented in all cases. The rate of medical intervention in the SB group was 8%. The CIBs diagnostic rate was 96%. The rate of AR detected by CIBs was significantly higher than by SBs (36% versus 4%; P <.0001). Overall the major complication rate was 4%; no patients required transfusions and no mortality occurred in the patient cohort. Conclusions: The surveillance protocol did not eliminate the necessity of CIBs, but in 8% of patients early rejection was histologically assessed. The correlation between histologic and clinical data allows a more careful approach to transplanted patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-201
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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