A recent report, prepared in March 2003, regarding the paediatric transplantation activity registered between 1970 and 2002 in the European Bone Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) database showed a decrease in the number of registrations in 2001 and in 2002. In order to validate this observation, the Paediatric Diseases Working Party (PDsWP) secretariat distributed a questionnaire to 395 institutions participating in the EBMT Registry. Each institution was requested to check the number of transplants they reported and to confirm or to correct the figures. As of 15 March 2004, replies had been received from 135 centres reporting a median of 48 transplants per centre over the study period, total 17 891 (58% of the total number). Among them, 55 confirmed their original figures, while 80 corrected the numbers. The overall number of autologous and allogeneic SCTs performed and not reported were 461 and 692, respectively. Most of the teams that corrected their figures stated that their data managers could provide missing data to the EBMT; 260 other teams, each reporting a median of 15 transplants during the study period, total 12 866 (42% of the total number) chose not to reply. A report prepared in March 2004, following the PDsWP survey, showed an increasing number of transplants performed on patients below 18 years of age between 1973 and 2002 and reported to the EBMT Registry (328 autologous and 628 allogeneic) as compared to the 2003 report. This first PDsWP survey, reaching more than 50% of activity in the field, illustrates that the decrease in activity we observed in the 2003 report does not correspond to a decrease in the number of transplants that were actually performed. It demonstrates the compliance of most major paediatric institutions and confirms the important role of cooperation between National Registries and EBMT Registries.
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