Survey on the use of insulin pumps in Italy: comparison between pediatric and adult age groups (IMITA study)

R. Bonfanti, G. Lepore, L. Bozzetto, A. Corsi, V. Di Blasi, A. Girelli, G. Grassi, D. Iafusco, I. Rabbone, R. Schiaffini, L. Laviola, D. Bruttomesso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) use in pediatric and adult age groups. Methods: Data were collected with a questionnaire sent by e-mail to CSII-experienced Diabetes Centers. The questionnaire assessed: (1) number of CSII-treated patients; (2) patient demographic data and characteristics; (3) structure and organization of Diabetes Centers providing CSII therapy; (4) pump characteristics (conventional pump, sensor-augmented pump); and (5) CSII dropouts. Results: A total of 217 out of 1093 Italian centers participated: 51 pediatric (23.5 %) and 166 (76.5 %) adult centers (AP). Compared to a survey performed in 2005, there was a significant increase in the number of pediatric units when compared to adult units (112 vs 37 %, respectively, p <0.05). Pediatric age is characterized by a greater concern for quality of life and injections, and a higher dropout rate (10.6 vs 8.9 %) mainly related to pump wearability and site reactions. A complete diabetes-care team is associated with a superior use of technology (fewer dropouts, increased CGM and advanced bolus use) which is, however, still used in a small percentage of patients. Conclusions: In Italy, the number of CSII-treated pediatric patients (PP) is growing more significantly when compared to adults. Only 60 % of all patients are using advanced functions and 20 % are using CGMs continuously. This confirms the great interest in diabetes technology that is growing in pediatric diabetologists. However, much improvement is warranted in the organization and specialized training of pediatric, adult and transitional facilities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403 - 412
Number of pages10
JournalActa Diabetologica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016


  • CGM
  • Children
  • CSII
  • Diabetes
  • Pumps
  • T1DM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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