Objectives: To examine the rates of cancer-specific mortality, other-cause and bladder cancer mortality in patients with upper-tract urothelial carcinoma undergoing radical nephroureterectomy. Methods: Relying on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, 9899 patients treated with radical nephroureterectomy were identified. A 20-strata graphical aid was constructed using age (79years) and American Joint Committee on Cancer/TNM stage (pT1N0/x, pT2N0/x, pT3N0/x, pT4N0/x, pTanypN1-3) as stratifying variables. The 5-year cancer-specific mortality, other-cause and bladder cancer mortality rates were generated through competing-risks Poisson regression methodologies. Multivariable competing-risks regression models were used to test the effect of age and stage on three different end-points: cancer-specific mortality, other-cause and bladder cancer mortality. Results: Overall, 1797 (18.1%), 891 (9.1%) and 3090 (31.2%) patients died of cancer-specific mortality, other-cause and bladder cancer mortality, respectively. Following stratification according to age and stage, the proportion of patients who succumbed to cancer-specific mortality (11.7-21.9%) and other-cause mortality (8.9-30.4%) increased with age. In contrast, with increasing stage, the proportion of patients who died of cancer-specific mortality increased (7.2-37.5%), whereas the proportion of other-cause mortality remained stable (18.9-22.0%). The rate of bladder cancer mortality increased with advancing stage. At multivariable competing-risk regression model, besides age and stage, women, type of surgery, grade and location were associated with higher cancer-specific mortality. Furthermore, ureteral location, stage and grade were associated with bladder cancer mortality. Conclusions: The developed graphical aid for prediction of cancer-specific mortality, other-cause, and bladder cancer mortality according to age and stage in patients with upper-tract urothelial carcinoma undergoing radical nephroureterectomy can be useful for physicians and patients during clinical counseling.
- Bladder cancer mortality
- Cancer-specific mortality
- Upper-tract urothelial carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas