The paper retrospectively reviews the modalities and the long term results of treatment of 200 consecutive patients with pure seminoma and of 125 patients with testicular carcinomas from 1929 to Jan 1973. Radical orchiectomy with high ligation of the spermatic cord at the internal inguinal ring was performed in all previously untreated patients. Those who had had a scrotal operation performed elsewhere were radically reoperated upon. Lymphography and cobalt 60 telecurietherapy were introduced in 1960 and new treatment plans were employed for the irradiation of the deep lymphnodes. Since 1968, all operable carcinomas have undergone bilateral retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy and since 1964, all patients with advanced disease have been treated with chemotherapy (single agent or combination). Survival rates were calculated by the actuarial method. The new treatment modalities proved to be significantly superior to the old ones. In pure seminoma, a 92% cure rate was obtained in NO patients after prophylactic irradiation of retroperitoneal nodes (2,500-3,000 rad in 3 wk). In N1-3 patients the cure rate was as high as 75% after radical irradiation of retroperitoneal nodes (3,500-4,000 rad in 4 wk) as well as prophylactic irradiation of mediastinum and both supraclavicular fossae. Extended radical radiotherapy (combined with chemotherapy in some patients) cured 2/6 N4 and 3/8 M1 patients. According to the old modalities of treatment, figures were, respectively, 72% in NO cases, 40% in N1-3 and 0% in N4 and M1 patients. In carcinomas, the cure rate after retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy was 91% in N- patients and 47% in N+ cases. In N+ patients post operative radiation was also performed (4,000-5,000 rad in 5 wk). After radiotherapy alone (without lymphadenectomy) the rates were 62% in N0 and 28% in N1-2 patients. In primary inoperable patients (N3-4 and M1) chemotherapy, with or without radiation significantly prolonged the survival rate. It is concluded that radiotherapy is the treatment of choice for pure seminoma and in N4 and M1 cases, a full course of chemotherapy must be combined with extensive irradiation. Retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy is mandatory in all operable cases of testicular carcinoma while adjuvant chemotherapy may futher improve the prognosis in N+ cases. For inoperable carcinomas chemotherapy (plus radiotherapy) is the treatment of choice. The new multiple drug regimens are providing encouraging results.
|Translated title of the contribution||Survival and therapeutic strategy in germinal tumors of testicle|
|Number of pages||19|
|Publication status||Published - 1975|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research