Survival of women with advanced ovarian cancer and complete pathologic response at second-look laparotomy

Giorgio Bolis, Antonella Villa, Paolo Guarnerio, Cristina Ferraris, Nicoletta Gavoni, Giorgio Giardina, Mauro Melpignano, Giovanna Scarfone, Flavia Zanaboni, Fabio Parazzini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND. The purpose of the study was to analyze the determinants of long term survival in women with advanced ovarian cancer and negative second- look laparotomy. METHODS. A series of 140 advanced (Stage III-IV) ovarian cancer patients (median age, 54 years; range, 22-74 years) with negative second-look laparotomy after primary surgery and chemotherapy is included in the analysis. At first diagnosis, all patients were treated with radical or debulking surgery. After primary surgery, the patients were treated with a chemotherapy regimen based on cisplatin or carboplatin alone or in combination with other drugs. All second-look laparotomies were performed 6 8 months after first surgery. RESULTS. The overall survival rates were 76%at 3 years, 66% at 5 years, and 51% at 8 years. The corresponding rates for disease free survival were 57, 50, and 43%, respectively. Survival rates were better for women with a residual tumor 1 cm or less after primary surgery. The 5-year probability of survival was 78% in this group, compared with 55% in women with a residual tumor more than 1 cm (log rank test, P <0.05). Survival rates for women with tumor Grade 3 tended to be worse than Grades 1- 2, but the difference was only of borderline statistical significance. No relationship emerged between survival and age, histotype, and presence of ascites at diagnosis. Women with a residual tumor 1 cm or less and positive lymph nodes had a 66% 5-year probability of survival, compared with 85% for women with a residual tumor 1 cm or less and negative lymph nodes. This difference was significant (log rank test, P = 0.05). The 5-year survival probabilities were 47 and 58%, respectively, in women with a residual tumor more than 1 cm and positive or negative lymph nodes. CONCLUSIONS. This analysis shows a favorable long term survival rate for women with advanced ovarian cancer and complete pathologic response after debulking surgery and postoperative chemotherapy. It further suggests that lymph nodal status is a prognostic factor for women with minimal residual tumor after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-131
Number of pages4
JournalCancer
Volume77
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • complete response
  • ovarian cancer
  • second look
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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