Survival outcomes in endometrial cancer patients having lymphadenectomy, sentinel node mapping followed by lymphadectomy and sentinel node mapping alone: Long-term results of a propensity-matched analysis

G. Bogani, J. Casarin, U.L.R. Maggiore, A. Ditto, C. Pinelli, A. Dell'acqua, S. Lopez, V. Chiappa, C. Brusadelli, R. Guerrisi, S. Ferrero, F. Ghezzi, F. Raspagliesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Sentinel node mapping (SLNM) has replaced lymphadenectomy for staging surgery in apparent early-stage endometrial cancer (EC). Here, we evaluate long-term survival of three different approaches of nodal assessment in EC. Methods: This is a multi-institutional retrospective study evaluating long-term outcomes (at least 3 years) of EC patients having lymphadenectomy, SLNM followed by lymphadenectomy and SLNM alone. In order to reduce possible confounding factors we applied a propensity-matched algorithm. Survival outcomes were assessed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard models. Results: Applying a propensity score matching algorithm we selected 180 patients having SLNM (90 SLNM vs. 90 SLNM followed by lymphadenectomy). Additionally, a control group of 180 patients having lymphadenectomy was selected using the same criteria. Overall, 10% of patients were diagnosed with positive nodes. Low volume disease was observed in 16 cases (5 micrometastasis and 11 isolated tumor cells). Patients having SLNM followed by lymphadenectomy had a higher possibility to be diagnosed with a stage IIIC disease in comparison to lymphadenectomy alone (p=0.02); while we did not observe difference in the diagnostic value of SLNM followed by lymphadenectomy and SLNM (p=0.389). Median follow-up time was 69 months (range, 7–206). The survival analysis comparing the three techniques did not show statistical differences in terms of disease-free (p=0.570, log-rank test) and overall survival (p=0.911, log-rank test); Similarly, they did not impact on survival outcomes after stratification by low, intermediate and high risk patients. Conclusions: Our study highlighted that SLNM provides similar long-term oncologic outcomes than lymphadenectomy. Further evidence is warranted to assess the prognostic value of low-volume disease detected by ultrastaging in patients following SLNM. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalGynecol. Oncol.
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • ONCOLOGIA
  • ARTICOLO
  • RIS

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