Symptoms of anxiety and depression and family's quality of life in children and adolescents with epilepsy

Carlo Cianchetti, Elisa Bianchi, Renzo Guerrini, Maria Giuseppina Baglietto, Marilena Briguglio, Simona Cappelletti, Susanna Casellato, Giovanni Crichiutti, Rosa Lualdi, Lucia Margari, Antonino Romeo, Ettore Beghi, TASCA Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction We studied children and adolescents with epilepsy (CAWE) and their families to evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression, quality of life (QoL), and their correlations with epilepsy characteristics. Material and methods The study included 326 (52.5% females) 8 to 18 years old CAWE. Anxiety and depression were assessed with the “Self-administered psychiatric scales for children and adolescents” (SAFA), and family's QoL with the parents’ report “Impact of Epilepsy on QoL” (IEQoL). Results The CAWE exhibiting abnormal (T ≥ 70) scores were 8.0% in the anxiety scale, 9.2% in the depression scale, and 4.6% in both scales. Social anxiety was the predominant anxiety symptom, while irritable mood and desperation were the most frequent symptoms of depression. Depressive symptoms were associated with parents’ complaint of higher worries about the child's condition and future and lower well-being of the family. Severity and duration of the epilepsy and polypharmacy were independent from abnormal scores of anxiety and depression, but were associated with parents’ worries about the child's condition and family's well-being. Conclusions Anxiety and depression in CAWE are independent from the characteristics of the disease but are correlated to the lower well-being of the family. A search of these emotional problems is recommended for better care of the patients and their families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 28 2017

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Children-adolescents
  • Depression
  • Epilepsy
  • Family
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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