Synapsin I is a synaptic vesicle-associated phosphoprotein that has been implicated in the formation of presynaptic specializations and in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. The nonreceptor tyrosine kinase c- Src is enriched on synaptic vesicles, where it accounts for most of the vesicle-associated tyrosine kinase activity. Using overlay, affinity chromatography, and coprecipitation assays, we have now shown that synapsin I is the major binding protein for the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain of c-Src in highly purified synaptic vesicle preparations. The interaction was mediated by the proline-rich domain D of synapsin I and was not significantly affected by stoichiometric phosphorylation of synapsin I at any of the known regulatory sites. The interaction of purified c-Src and synapsin I resulted in a severalfold stimulation of tyrosine kinase activity and was antagonized by the purified c-Src-SH3 domain. Depletion of synapsin I from purified synaptic vesicles resulted in a decrease of endogenous tyrosine kinase activity. Portions of the total cellular pools of synapsin I and Src were coprecipitated from detergent extracts of rat brain synaptosomal fractions using antibodies to either protein species. The interaction between synapsin I and c-Src, as well as the synapsin I-induced stimulation of tyrosine kinase activity, may be physiologically important in signal transduction and in the modulation of the function of axon terminals, both during synaptogenesis and at mature synapses.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 28 1997|
- SH3 domains
- Synaptic vesicles
ASJC Scopus subject areas