Average synaptic size (S), synaptic numeric density (Nv) and surface density (Sv), average mitochondrial volume, mitochondrial numeric density, and mitochondrial volume density were measured by morphometry in the frontal (FC) and temporal (TC) cortex from adult and oldmonkeys (Macaca fascicularis). In relation to aging, Sv did not change, while Nv was significantly decreased in TC, but not in FC. S was significantly increased in FC and TC. No significant difference due to age was found with regard to mitochondrial ultrastructure. Considering the functional significance of the above parameters, their substantial agerelated constancy suggests that theymay reasonably represent structural correlates of successful brain aging.