Synaptic interactome mining reveals p140cap as a new hub for PSD proteins involved in psychiatric and neurological disorders

Annalisa Alfieri, Oksana Sorokina, Annie Adrait, Costanza Angelini, Isabella Russo, Alessandro Morellato, Michela Matteoli, Elisabetta Menna, Elisabetta Boeri Erba, Colin McLean, J. Douglas Armstrong, Ugo Ala, Joseph D. Buxbaum, Alfredo Brusco, Yohann Couté, Silvia De Rubeis, Emilia Turco, Paola Defilippi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Altered synaptic function has been associated with neurological and psychiatric conditions including intellectual disability, schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Amongst the recently discovered synaptic proteins is p140Cap, an adaptor that localizes at dendritic spines and regulates their maturation and physiology. We recently showed that p140Cap knockout mice have cognitive deficits, impairedlong-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD), and immature, filopodia-like dendritic spines. Only a few p140Cap interacting proteins have been identified in the brain and the molecular complexes and pathways underlying p140Cap synaptic function are largely unknown. Here, we isolated and characterized the p140Cap synaptic interactome by co-immunoprecipitation from crude mouse synaptosomes, followed by mass spectrometry-basedproteomics. We identified351 p140Cap interactors andfound that they cluster to sub complexes mostly located in the postsynaptic density (PSD). p140Cap interactors converge on key synaptic processes, including transmission across chemical synapses, actin cytoskeleton remodeling and cell-cell junction organization. Gene co-expression data further support convergent functions: the p140Cap interactors are tightly co-expressed with each other and with p140Cap. Importantly, the p140Cap interactome and its co-expression network showstrong enrichment in genes associated with schizophrenia, autism, bipolar disorder, intellectual disability andepilepsy, supporting synaptic dysfunction as a shared biological feature in brain diseases. Overall, our data provide novel insights into the molecular organization of the synapse and indicate that p140Cap acts as a hub for postsynaptic complexes relevant to psychiatric and neurological disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number212
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 30 2017

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Epilepsy
  • Intellectual disability
  • P140Cap
  • Postsynaptic density
  • Schizophrenia
  • Synaptic plasticity
  • Synaptic transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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