Synchronization of gamma oscillations increases functional connectivity of human hippocampus and inferior-middle temporal cortex during repetitive visuomotor events

Claudio Babiloni, Martin Bares, Fabrizio Vecchio, Milan Brazdil, Pavel Jurak, Davide Vito Moretti, Alessandra Ubaldi, Paolo Maria Rossini, Ivan Rektor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Do recency processes associated with repetitive sensorimotor events modulate the magnitude and functional coupling of brain rhythmicity in human temporal cortex? Intracranial stereo electroencephalographic activity (SEEG; 256 Hz sampling rate) was recorded from hippocampus, and inferior (BA20) and middle (BA21) temporal cortex in four epilepsy patients. The repetitive events were represented by predicted imperative somatosensory stimuli (CNV paradigm) triggering hand movements ('repetitive visuomotor') or counting ('repetitive counting'). The non-repetitive events were 'rare' (P3 paradigm) somatosensory stimuli triggering hand movements ('non-repetitive visuomotor') or counting ('non-repetitive counting'). Brain rhythmicity was indexed by event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) of SEEG data, whereas the functional coupling was evaluated by spectral SEEG coherence between pairs of the mentioned areas. The frequency bands of interest were theta (4-8 Hz), alpha (8-12 Hz), beta (14-30 Hz), and gamma (32-46 Hz). Compared to the non-repetitive events, the 'repetitive visuomotor' events showed a significant beta and gamma ERS in the hippocampus and a significant theta ERD in the inferior temporal cortex. Furthermore, the 'repetitive visuomotor' events induced a task-specific significant gamma coherence among the examined areas. These results suggest that recency processes do modulate the magnitude and functional coupling of brain rhythmicity (especially gamma) in the human temporal cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3088-3098
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

Keywords

  • CNV paradigm
  • Coherence
  • Event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS)
  • P3 paradigm
  • Recency
  • Stereo EEG

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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