Synergistic growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis by a novel mixed backbone antisense oligonucleotide targeting CRIPTO in combination with C225 anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody and 8-Cl-cAMP in human GEO colon cancer cells.

N. Normanno, G. Tortora, A. De Luca, G. Pomatico, A. Casamassimi, S. Agrawal, J. Mendelsohn, A. R. Bianco, F. Ciardiello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have evaluated the antiproliferative effect of a novel mixed backbone antisense oligonucleotide generated against the 5'-coding region of the human CRIPTO mRNA in GEO human colon cancer cells. We have also evaluated the effects of this anti-CRIPTO antisense oligonucleotide in combination with a chimeric anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody (MAb C225) and with 8-Cl-cAMP, a cAMP analog that specifically inhibits type I protein kinase A (PKAI), since a functional EGFR-driven autocrine pathway is operative and PKAI is overexpessed in GEO colon cancer cells. Treatment with a single agent at low doses determined a 15-35% growth inhibition. A synergistic antiproliferative effect was observed when combinations of two agents were used with a co-operativity quotient ranging between 1.5 and 2.2. Furthermore, the combined treatment with all three drugs caused an almost complete suppression of the ability of GEO cells to form colonies in soft agar. We next evaluated whether any combination of 8-Cl-cAMP, the anti-CRIPTO antisense oligonucleotide and MAb C225 could induce programmed cell death in GEO cells. Treatment with each agent alone at all doses tested did not cause DNA fragmentation. The treatment with any combination of two agents was not able to induce apoptosis. In contrast, treatment with all three compounds determined an approximately three-fold increase in DNA fragmentation. In conclusion, the combination of selective antineoplastic agents directed against different but related key signal tranduction pathways efficiently inhibits cell growth and causes apoptosis in human colorectal cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1109
Number of pages5
JournalOncology Reports
Volume6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

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Antisense Oligonucleotides
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Colonic Neoplasms
Monoclonal Antibodies
Apoptosis
Growth
DNA Fragmentation
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Type I
Antineoplastic Agents
Agar
8-chloro-cyclic adenosine monophosphate
Cetuximab
Colorectal Neoplasms
Signal Transduction
Cell Death
Messenger RNA
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Synergistic growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis by a novel mixed backbone antisense oligonucleotide targeting CRIPTO in combination with C225 anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody and 8-Cl-cAMP in human GEO colon cancer cells. / Normanno, N.; Tortora, G.; De Luca, A.; Pomatico, G.; Casamassimi, A.; Agrawal, S.; Mendelsohn, J.; Bianco, A. R.; Ciardiello, F.

In: Oncology Reports, Vol. 6, No. 5, 09.1999, p. 1105-1109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We have evaluated the antiproliferative effect of a novel mixed backbone antisense oligonucleotide generated against the 5'-coding region of the human CRIPTO mRNA in GEO human colon cancer cells. We have also evaluated the effects of this anti-CRIPTO antisense oligonucleotide in combination with a chimeric anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody (MAb C225) and with 8-Cl-cAMP, a cAMP analog that specifically inhibits type I protein kinase A (PKAI), since a functional EGFR-driven autocrine pathway is operative and PKAI is overexpessed in GEO colon cancer cells. Treatment with a single agent at low doses determined a 15-35{\%} growth inhibition. A synergistic antiproliferative effect was observed when combinations of two agents were used with a co-operativity quotient ranging between 1.5 and 2.2. Furthermore, the combined treatment with all three drugs caused an almost complete suppression of the ability of GEO cells to form colonies in soft agar. We next evaluated whether any combination of 8-Cl-cAMP, the anti-CRIPTO antisense oligonucleotide and MAb C225 could induce programmed cell death in GEO cells. Treatment with each agent alone at all doses tested did not cause DNA fragmentation. The treatment with any combination of two agents was not able to induce apoptosis. In contrast, treatment with all three compounds determined an approximately three-fold increase in DNA fragmentation. In conclusion, the combination of selective antineoplastic agents directed against different but related key signal tranduction pathways efficiently inhibits cell growth and causes apoptosis in human colorectal cancer cells.",
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