Synovial sarcoma: Retrospective analysis of 250 patients treated at a single institution

Emanuela Palmerini, Eric L. Staals, Marco Alberghini, Licciana Zanella, Cristina Ferrari, Maria Serena Benassi, Piero Picci, Mario Mercuri, Gaetano Bacci, Sefano Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for synovial sarcoma remains controversial. Treatment, outcome, and prognostic factors in patients treated in a single institution were examined. METHODS: Synovial sarcoma patients who underwent surgery at the Rizzoli Institute between 1976 and 2006 were identified and analyzed. RESULTS: Characteristics of the 250 patients (128 female; 122 male) included: median age, 37 years (range, 7-83 years); 177 (71%) with tumors in the lower extremity, 40 (16%) with tumors in the upper extremity, and 33 with tumors in the trunk (13%); primary lesion size >5 cm in 121 patients (55%); and 204 (82%) patients with localized disease and 46 (18%) with metastatic disease at the time of presentation. All patients with localized disease underwent surgery. Twenty-four percent of patients underwent amputation. Adequate surgical margins were achieved in 88% patients. In patients with localized disease, radiotherapy was administered to 103 (50%) patients, and chemotherapy to 98 (48%). With a median follow-up of 5.5 years (range, 1-30 years), the 5-year overall survival rate was 10% for patients with metastatic disease and 76% for patients with localized disease (P = .0001). The 5-year event-free survival was 58% in patients with localized disease. Multivariate analysis indicated that size, age, histologic subtype, and the use of radiotherapy were independent factors for event-free survival. CONCLUSIONS: In those patients with localized disease, a good rate of cure can be achieved. Age, size, histology, and use of radiotherapy influence prognosis, whereas to the authors' knowledge, the role of adjuvant chemotherapy remains unproven.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2988-2998
Number of pages11
JournalCancer
Volume115
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Prognostic factors
  • Radiotherapy
  • Soft tissue sarcoma
  • Synovial sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Palmerini, E., Staals, E. L., Alberghini, M., Zanella, L., Ferrari, C., Benassi, M. S., Picci, P., Mercuri, M., Bacci, G., & Ferrari, S. (2009). Synovial sarcoma: Retrospective analysis of 250 patients treated at a single institution. Cancer, 115(13), 2988-2998. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.24370