Human interleukin-8 (IL-8) was evaluated for its capability to induce the synthesis and release of platelet-activating factor (PAF) from human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). IL-8 promotes in a dose-dependent fashion (1-100 ng/ml) a rapid synthesis of PAF, which is only partially released. The synthesis of PAF is preceded by the activation of acetyl-CoA: 1-alkyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine acetyltransferase, suggesting that IL-8 activates the 'remodeling pathway' of PAF synthesis. By thin layer chromatography and reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography, we demonstrated that PAF synthesized by human PMN stimulated with IL-8 is heterogeneous: the 2-acetylated phospholipids having the biological and physicochemical characteristics of PAF include the 1-O-alkyl form, which is produced in large extent (51%), and the 1-acyl form (20%). The analysis of the individual molecular species of radyl chain indicated nine peaks, 16:0 and 18:0 being the predominant forms. These results identify PAF as a direct product of IL-8 stimulation in PMN.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
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