Synthesis, spectroscopy (IR, multinuclear NMR, ESI-MS), diffraction, density functional study and in vitro antiproliferative activity of pyrazole-beta-diketone dihalotin(IV) compounds on 5 melanoma cell lines

Claudio Pettinari, Francesco Caruso, Nadia Zaffaroni, Raffaella Villa, Fabio Marchetti, Riccardo Pettinari, Christine Phillips, Joseph Tanski, Miriam Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Novel 4-acylpyrazolon-5-ato-dihalotin(IV) complexes, [Q2SnX 2], (X = F, Cl, Br or I); HQ = HQCHPh2 (1,2-dihydro-3-methyl-1-phenyl-4-(2,2-diphenylacetyl)pyrazol-5-one), HQ Bn (1,2-dihydro-3-methyl-1-phenyl-4-(2-phenylacetyl)pyrazol-5-one) or HQCF3,py (4-(2,2,2-trifluoroacetyl)-1,2-dihydro-3-methyl-1-(pyridin- 2-yl)pyrazol-5-one) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic (IR, 1H, 13C, 19F and 119Sn NMR, electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (ESI-MS)), analytical and structural methods (X-ray and density functional theory). 119Sn chemical shifts depend on the nature of the halides bonded to tin. Isomer conversion, detected in solution by NMR spectroscopy, is related to the acyl moiety bulkiness while the cis(Cl)-cis(acyl)-trans(pyrazolonato) scheme is found in the solid state. The in vitro antiproliferative tests of three derivatives on three human melanoma cell lines (JR8, SK-MEL-5, MEL501) and two melanoma cell clones (2/21 and 2/60) show dose-dependent decrease of cell proliferation in all cell lines. The activity correlates with the nature of the substituent on position 1 of pyrazole, decreasing in the order pyridyl > Ph ≫ methyl. The activity for (QCF3,py)2SnCl2 on the SK-MEL-5 cell line is IC50 = 50 μM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-69
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • β-Diketone
  • Crystal
  • Melanoma
  • NMR
  • Tin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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