Synthetic lethality to overcome cancer drug resistance

L. Porcelli, A. E. Quatrale, P. Mantuano, N. Silvestris, A. E. Brunetti, H. Calvert, A. Paradiso, A. Azzariti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A large body of evidence point out that the onset of synthetic lethality may provide a useful tool for amplifying the efficacy of drugs in anticancer regimens, to uncover interdependence between genes and to identify predictive factors that would be extremely useful to guide in the selection of more effective targeted drugs and drug combinations for each patient. Here, we provide an overview on the exploitation of synthetic lethality to overcome drug resistance to conventional chemotherapy in several types of solid tumors. We report recent findings on cellular markers and gene mutations which are specifically essential for the viability of cancer cells and for resistance to chemotherapeutics. In addition, new molecularly targeted strategies to overcome drug resistance are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3858-3873
Number of pages16
JournalCurrent Medicinal Chemistry
Volume19
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

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Keywords

  • Anticancer therapy
  • DNA repair pathway
  • Drug resistance
  • PARP inhibitors
  • Solid tumors
  • Synthetic lethality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Porcelli, L., Quatrale, A. E., Mantuano, P., Silvestris, N., Brunetti, A. E., Calvert, H., Paradiso, A., & Azzariti, A. (2012). Synthetic lethality to overcome cancer drug resistance. Current Medicinal Chemistry, 19(23), 3858-3873. https://doi.org/10.2174/092986712802002563