Syphilis detection: evaluation of serological screening and pilot reverse confirmatory assay algorithm in blood donors

Linda Sommese, Rossella Paolillo, Chiara Sabia, Dario Costa, Maria Rosaria De Pascale, Carmela Iannone, Antonella Esposito, Concetta Schiano, Claudio Napoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Serological assays are still considered the most useful tests in the diagnosis of syphilis. Since no single serological assay is able to provide a satisfactory result, in our laboratory we have evaluated the usefulness of a commercially-available immunoblot to diagnose syphilis infection among blood donors. From October 2012 to June 2013, 4572 blood donors were screened for syphilis with an automated chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA). To confirm the presence of treponemal antibodies, CMIA-reactive sera were tested by standard Treponema pallidum haemagglutination assay (TPHA). In addition, an alternative confirmatory test – the immunoblot INNO-LIA assay was introduced in our laboratory. Since two additional positives among CMIA-reactive-TPHA-negative samples were found, we concluded that the INNO-LIA immunoblot allowed a better detection of syphilis compared to TPHA. A confirmatory strategy based on the use of two treponemal assays could meet the screening requirements for blood donors as well as in our centre.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)644-649
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume27
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • blood donors
  • confirmatory testing
  • immunoblot
  • sexually transmitted infection
  • Syphilis
  • syphilis screening
  • Treponema pallidum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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