A retrospective study of 488 patients with untreated advanced ovarian cancer is presented. Systematic pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy was performed in 248 cases (50.8%). Selective sampling and node biopsy was performed in 33 (6.7%) and 47 (9.6%) patients, respectively. Node metastases were found in 194 of 328 patients (59.1%). The incidence of metastatic nodes significantly increased with more advanced stages, with serous histology, and with a greater amount of residual tumor. Node status appeared to be related to pathology findings at second-look. A complete pathologic response was documented in 26 of 31 (83.8%) patients with negative nodes and in 38 of 59 (64.6%) with positive nudes at first surgery. Patients with negative nodes survived significantly longer (5-year survival, 46%; median, 60 months) than those who had nude metastases (5-year survival, 25%; median, 36 months). Using multivariate analysis, lymph node status, together with the stage of disease and residual tumor, still had a significant impact on 5-year survival. Moreover, among patients with optimal cytoreduction, 5-year survival was 46% (median, 56 months) and 30% (median, 41 months) for patients who did and did not undergo lymphadenectomy, respectively (P = 0.05). Likewise, when suboptimal cytoreduction was considered, a median 5-year survival of 24 months was obtained in patients who underwent lymphadenectomy compared with 14 months in patients who did not (P <0.005).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology