Background. The pathophysiologic mechanism underlying the association between endotoxaemia and clotting activation in liver cirrhosis is still to be explained. Aims. To investigate the relationship between endotoxaemia, endothelial perturbation and clotting system activation in liver cirrhosis patients. Patients. The study was carried out in 30 consecutive patients (17 males, 13 females, age range 42 to 71 years) with liver cirrhosis. Methods. Prothrombin fragment F1+2, endotoxaemia, von Willebrand factor and ristocetin cofactor activity were studied in all patients. Von Willebrand factor antigen release and tissue factor expression were also evaluated in cultured endothelial cells incubated with low endotoxin concentrations (125-500 pg/ml). Results. Thirteen (43%) out of 30 liver cirrhosis patients showing von Willebrand factor antigen levels > 157 IU/dl (mean ± 2SD of controls) were considered to have signs of endothelial perturbation; they had more severe liver failure (p = 0.0001), higher ristocetin cofactor activity (p = 0.0001), endotoxin (p = 0.0001) and prothrombin fragment F1+2 (p = 0.0001) plasma values than liver cirrhosis with normal von Willebrand factor antigen. In in vitro experiments endotoxin induced a concentration-dependent release of von Willebrand factor antigen (p = 0.0001) and expression of tissue factor activity (p = 0.0001) and antigen (p = 0.0001) from cultured endothelial cells. Conclusions. This study suggests that the endothelial procoagulant activation induced by low-grade endotoxaemia may represent a trigger for systemic clotting activation in liver cirrhosis patients.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Italian Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Factor expression
- Liver cirrhosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas