T cell receptor repertoire and function in patients with DiGeorge syndrome and velocardiofacial syndrome

M. Pierdominici, M. Marziali, A. Giovannetti, A. Oliva, R. Rosso, B. Marino, M. C. Digilio, A. Giannotti, G. Novelli, B. Dallapiccola, F. Aiuti, F. Pandolfi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) and velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS) are associated with chromosome 22q11.2 deletion. Limited information is available on the T cell receptor (TCR) Vβ repertoire. We therefore investigated TCR Vβ families in lymphocytes isolated from blood and thymic samples of seven patients with DGS and seven patients with VCFS, all with 22q11.2 deletion. We also studied activities related to TCR signalling including in vitro proliferation, anti-CD3-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and susceptibility to apoptosis. Reduced CD3+ T cells were observed in most patients. Spontaneous improvement of T cell numbers was detected in patients, 3 years after the first study. Analysis of CD4+ and CD8+ TCR Vβ repertoire in peripheral and thymic cells showed a normal distribution of populations even if occasional deletions were observed. Lymphoproliferative responses to mitogens were comparable to controls as well as anti-CD3-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Increased anti-CD3-mediated apoptosis was observed in thymic cells. Our data support the idea that in patients surviving the correction of cardiac anomalies, the immune defect appears milder than originally thought, suggesting development of a normal repertoire of mature T cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-132
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • DiGeorge syndrome
  • TCR repertoire
  • TCR signalling
  • Thymus
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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