Tailoring B cell depletion therapy in MS according to memory B cell monitoring

Giovanni Novi, Francesca Bovis, Sabrina Fabbri, Francesco Tazza, Paola Gazzola, Ilaria Maietta, Daniela Currò, Nicolò Bruschi, Luca Roccatagliata, Giacomo Boffa, Caterina Lapucci, Giampaola Pesce, Maria Cellerino, Claudio Solaro, Alice Laroni, Elisabetta Capello, Gianluigi Mancardi, Mariapia Sormani, Matilde Inglese, Antonio Uccelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We wanted to evaluate efficacy on inflammatory parameters of rituximab (RTX)-personalized reinfusion scheme using a memory B cell-based treatment regimen. METHODS: This is a prospective, uncontrolled, open-label study including patients with MS treated with RTX in 2 Italian MS units. All patients were treated with RTX induction, followed by maintenance infusion at the dosage of 375 mg/m2, according to memory B cell repopulation (0.05% of peripheral-blood mononuclear cells [PBMCs] for the first 2 years, 0.1% of PBMC for the third year). MS activity was assessed as clinical or MRI activity. RESULTS: One hundred two patients were included in the analysis. Mean follow-up was 2.40 years (range 0.57-7.15 years). The annualized relapse rate (ARR) was 0.67 in the year before RTX start and decreased to 0.01 in the 3 years after RTX initiation (global ARR). The proportion of patient with MS activity (i.e., relapse or MRI activity) was 63.16% in the year before RTX start and decreased to 8.7% (0-6 months), 1.3% (6-12 months), 0% (12-24 months), and 0% (24-36 months). Annualized RTX infusion rates were 1.67 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.43-1.94), 0.76 (95% CI: 0.58-0.98), and 0.78 (95% CI: 0.52-1.12) for the first 3 years after RTX initiation, respectively. Patients were reinfused with a mean infusion interval of 367 days (range 181-839 days). CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that the memory B cell-based RTX reinfusion protocol is able to reduce the mean number of RTX reinfusions with persistent reduction of disease activity. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence that for patients with MS, a memory B cell-based RTX reinfusion protocol can reduce the mean number of RTX reinfusions with persistent reduction of disease activity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurology(R) neuroimmunology & neuroinflammation
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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