Takotsubo Syndrome: Clinical Features, Pathogenesis, Treatment, and Relationship with Cerebrovascular Diseases

M. Ranieri, J. Finsterer, G. Bedini, E. A. Parati, A. Bersano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of Review: This review paper aims to provide a complete and updated overview on the clinical and pathophysiological aspects of Takotsubo syndrome (TTS), including prognosis, therapy, and the association with cerebrovascular conditions. Recent Findings: TTS is an increasingly recognized non-ischemic cardiomyopathy characterized by sudden, temporary weakening of the myocardium, of which the pathogenesis is unknown. Summary: Although pathogenesis of TTS remains unclear, a complex interaction between catecholamine-mediated stimulation, myocardial stunning, and subsequent stress-related myocardial dysfunction seems to be the main pathophysiological mechanism. Stroke is linked to TTS by a dual relationship since it may induce TTS by catecholamine release even if TTS itself also may be complicated by left ventricular thrombi leading to stroke. Given its possible complications, including the association with neurological diseases, both cardiologist and neurologists should be aware about TTS in order to diagnose it promptly and to initiate appropriate therapeutic measures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
JournalCurrent Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Pathogenesis
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Takotsubo syndrome
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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