Tamoxifen in early-stage estrogen receptorpositive breast cancer: Overview of clinical use and molecular biomarkers for patient selection

Carmen Criscitiello, Debora Fumagalli, Kamal S. Saini, Sherene Loi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tamoxifen was the first targeted anticancer agent for breast cancer patients and its effects on reduction of breast cancer events and improvement in overall survival are undisputed. Hence, it has long been considered an essential part of patient care. Recent results of several large adjuvant hormonal trials evaluating the use of aromatase inhibitors in comparison with the previous standard of five years of tamoxifen has led to a paradigm shift, ensuring the inclusion of an aromatase inhibitor as part of standard endocrine therapy for most postmenopausal women diagnosed today with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. However, one could argue that despite statistically significant improvements in breast cancer events, an overall survival advantage has not been clear. In this review, we discuss recent genomic and molecular data pertaining to estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer and how this knowledge may aid clinicians to prescribe adjuvant hormonal treatment in the future. A combination of gene expression and genetic aberration markers may be most useful in discerning a population that is still appropriate for adjuvant tamoxifen treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalOncoTargets and Therapy
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Aromatase inhibitors
  • Endocrine therapy
  • Mutation
  • PI3K
  • Prediction
  • Resistance
  • Tamoxifen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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