CD1d-dependent invariant Vα14 (Vα14i) NKT cells are innate T lymphocytes expressing a conserved semi-invariant TCR, consisting, in mice, of the invariant Vα14-Jα18 TCR α-chain paired mostly with Vβ8.2 and Vα7. The cellular requirements for thymic positive and negative selection of Vα14i NKT cells are only partially understood. Therefore, we generated transgenic mice expressing human CD1d (hCD1d) either on thymocytes, mainly CD4+ CD8+ double positive, or on APCs, the cells implicated in the selection of Vα14i NKT cells. In the absence of the endogenous mouse CD1d (mCD1d), the expression of hCD1d on thymocytes, but not on APCs, was sufficient to select Vα14i NKT cells that proved functional when activated ex vivo with the Ag α-galactosyl ceramide. Vα14i NKT cells selected by hCD1d on thymocytes, however, attained lower numbers than in control mice and expressed essentially Vβ8.2. The low number of Vβ8.2+ Vα14i NKT cells selected by hCD1d on thymocytes was not reversed by the concomitant expression of mCD1d, which, instead, restored the development of Vβ7+ Vα14i NKT cells. Vβ8.2+, but not Vβ7+, NKT cell development was impaired in mice expressing both hCD1d on APCs and mCD1d. Taken together, our data reveal that selective CD1d expression by thymocytes is sufficient for positive selection of functional Vα14i NKT cells and that both thymocytes and APCs may independently mediate negative selection.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas