Task- and response related dissociations between neglect in near and far space: A morphometric case study

Lina Aimola, Igor Schindler, Annalena Venneri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Patients with unilateral neglect may show line bisection errors selectively in either near (within hand reaching) or far (beyond hand reaching) space which suggests that these two spatial areas are coded differently by the brain. This exploratory study investigated, whether any difference in performance between these spatial domains might be task-independent or modulated by the requirement for a motor response. METHODS: A 31-year-old right brain damaged patient (MF) and a group of age matched healthy controls were assessed with two serial visual search tasks and a Landmark paradigm. Both types of task required either a directional (pointing) or non-directional (button press) motor response. Participants were assessed with both task types and response modes in near (57 cm) and far space (114 cm). RESULTS: MF showed left neglect during visual search only in far space for the perceptual condition and in near space for the motor condition. MF showed no neglect in both versions of the Landmark task irrespective of spatial distance. A voxel-based morphometric assessment of MF's brain lesion showed marked damage in the right ventro-temporal cortex, superior temporal gyrus, insula, inferior frontal gyrus, angular gyrus and bilaterally in the posterior cingulate cortex. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary findings suggest that processing of far space during visual search is associated with ventral stream damage but only when space is coded through visual information. Neglect involving directional motor activity in near space seems to be associated with damage of structures sharing close connections with the dorsal stream.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-257
Number of pages13
JournalBehavioural Neurology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Distance
  • Line bisection
  • MRI
  • Spatial neglect
  • VBM
  • Visual search

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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