Task-oriented exercises and early full weight-bearing contribute to improving disability after total hip replacement: A randomized controlled trial

Marco Monticone, Emilia Ambrosini, Barbara Rocca, Chiara Lorenzon, Simona Ferrante, Giovanni Zatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Specialised rehabilitation centre. Subjects: A total of 100 patients (mean age of 69 (8) years; 40 males, 60 females). Interventions: The experimental group underwent task-oriented exercises and was encouraged to abandon any walking aids by the end of their in-hospital stay. The control group underwent open chain kinetic exercises, and was recommended to use partial weight-bearing and walking aids until three months after surgery. Both groups individually followed programmes of 90-minute sessions five times a week for three weeks. Outcome measures: Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Pain Numerical Rating Scale, Functional Independence Measure, and Short-Form Health Survey. The participants were evaluated before, after training, and after a further 12 months. Results: There were no significant between-group differences at baseline. After training, a between-group difference of 12 points was found for the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index - functional subscale, indicating a clinically tangible treatment effect on disability. The Functional Independence Measure increased by 31 and 15 points in the experimental and control group, respectively. A linear mixed model revealed significant effects of time, group, and time by group interaction on disability, pain, activities of daily living, and most of the physical quality of life domains. Conclusion: Task-oriented exercises associated with early full weight-bearing improve disability, pain, activities of daily living, and quality of life after total hip replacement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-668
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Arthroplasty
  • hip
  • rehabilitation
  • replacement
  • task-oriented exercises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Task-oriented exercises and early full weight-bearing contribute to improving disability after total hip replacement: A randomized controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this