TCR gene-engineered T cell: Limited T cell activation and combined use of IL-15 and IL-21 ensure minimal differentiation and maximal antigen-specificity

Nadine Pouw, Elike Treffers-Westerlaken, Anna Mondino, Cor Lamers, Reno Debets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Clinical TCR gene therapy of melanoma represents a feasible and promising treatment rationale yet is currently challenged by objective response rates that stay behind those observed with conventional adoptive T cell therapy. Here, the phenotype and function of TCR-transduced T cells, considered to determine the efficacy of TCR gene therapy, were studied in relation to T cell activation and cytokine treatments. We observed that the lectin Concanavalin A (ConA), and to a lesser extent anti-CD3 and CD28 mAbs (soluble CD3/CD28), resulted in functional surface expression of the TCRαβ transgenes and enhanced fractions of CD62Lhi, CD44lo naive T cells. T cell functions and limited T cell differentiation were most significant when T cells were treated with a combination of IL-15 and IL-21 rather than IL-2. In comparison, anti-CD3 and CD28 mAbs coated to either latex or polystyrene beads (polystyrene or latex CD3/CD28) resulted in improved TCR expression levels and enhanced T cell differentiation irrespective of cytokine treatment, with effects most pronounced for polystyrene CD3/CD28. T cells demonstrated enhanced cytotoxic activity and IFNγ production when activated with CD3/CD28 beads and treated with IL-15 and IL-21, but at the same time displayed non-specific T cell responses. In contrast, ConA and soluble CD3/CD28 activations resulted in antigen-specific T cell responses. In short, we show that retroviral TCR engineering of primary T cells benefits from activation with ConA or soluble CD3/CD28 rather than immobilized anti-CD3 and CD28 mAbs with respect to T cell differentiation and antigen-specificity of T cell responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1411-1420
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume47
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Common-γ cytokines
  • Primary T lymphocytes
  • Retroviral transduction
  • T cell activation
  • T cell differentiation
  • TCR transgenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Immunology

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