TDP-43 real-time quaking induced conversion reaction optimization and detection of seeding activity in CSF of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia patients

Carlo Scialò, Thanh Hoa Tran, Giulia Salzano, Giovanni Novi, Claudia Caponnetto, Adriano Chiò, Andrea Calvo, Antonio Canosa, Fabio Moda, Paola Caroppo, Vincenzo Silani, Nicola Ticozzi, Antonia Ratti, Barbara Borroni, Luisa Benussi, Roberta Ghidoni, Giovanni Furlanis, Paolo Manganotti, Beatrice Senigagliesi, Pietro ParisseRomain Brasselet, Emanuele Buratti, Giuseppe Legname

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The pathological deposition of the transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa occurs in the majority (∼97%) of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and in around 45% of frontotemporal lobar degeneration cases. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration clinically overlap, presenting a continuum of phenotypes. Both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration lack treatments capable of interfering with the underlying pathological process and early detection of transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa pathology would facilitate the development of disease-modifying drugs. The real-time quaking-induced conversion reaction showed the ability to detect prions in several peripheral tissues of patients with different forms of prion and prion-like diseases. Despite transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa displays prion-like properties, to date the real-time quaking-induced conversion reaction technology has not yet been adapted to this protein. The aim of this study was to adapt the real-time quaking-induced conversion reaction technique for the transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa substrate and to exploit the intrinsic ability of this technology to amplify minute amount of mis-folded proteins for the detection of pathological transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa species in the cerebrospinal fluid of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration patients. We first optimized the technique with synthetic transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa-pre-formed aggregates and with autopsy-verified brain homogenate samples and subsequently analysed CSF samples from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration patients and controls. Transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa real-time quaking-induced conversion reaction was able to detect as little as 15 pg of transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa aggregates, discriminating between a cohort of patients affected by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration and age-matched controls with a total sensitivity of 94% and a specificity of 85%. Our data give a proof-of-concept that transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa is a suitable substrate for the real-time quaking-induced conversion reaction. Transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa real-time quaking-induced conversion reaction could be an innovative and useful tool for diagnosis and drug development in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. The cerebrospinal fluid detection of transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa pathological aggregates may be exploited as a disease biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)fcaa142
JournalBrain communications
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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