TEA Domain Transcription Factor 4 Is the Major Mediator of Yes-Associated Protein Oncogenic Activity in Mouse and Human Hepatoblastoma

Jie Zhang, Pin Liu, Junyan Tao, Pan Wang, Yi Zhang, Xinhua Song, Li Che, Pavel Sumazin, Silvia Ribback, Andras Kiss, Zsuzsa Schaff, Antonio Cigliano, Frank Dombrowski, Carla Cossu, Rosa M. Pascale, Diego F. Calvisi, Satdarshan P. Monga, Xin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hepatoblastoma (HB) is the most common type of pediatric liver cancer. Activation of yes-associated protein (YAP) has been implicated in HB molecular pathogenesis. The transcriptional co-activator Yap regulates downstream gene expression through interaction with the TEA domain (TEAD) proteins. Nonetheless, YAP also displays functions that are independent of its transcriptional activity. The underlying molecular mechanisms by which Yap promotes HB development remain elusive. In the current study, we demonstrated that blocking TEAD function via the dominant-negative form of TEAD2 abolishes Yap-driven HB formation in mice and restrains human HB growth in vitro. When TEAD2 DNA-binding domain was fused with virus protein 16 transcriptional activation domain, it synergized with activated β-catenin to promote HB formation in vivo. Among TEAD genes, silencing of TEAD4 consistently inhibited tumor growth and Yap target gene expression in HB cell lines. Furthermore, TEAD4 mRNA expression was significantly higher in human HB lesions when compared with corresponding nontumorous liver tissues. Human HB specimens also exhibited strong nuclear immunoreactivity for TEAD4. Altogether, data demonstrate that TEAD-mediated transcriptional activity is both sufficient and necessary for Yap-driven HB development. TEAD4 is the major TEAD isoform and Yap partner in human HB. Targeting TEAD4 may represent an effective treatment option for human HB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1077-1090
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume189
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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