Teicoplanin, a new glycopeptide antibiotic belonging to the same family as vancomycin, inhibits cell wall synthesis in Bacillus subtilis; the inhibition is accompanied by an intracellular accumulation of UDP-N-acetyl-muramyl-pentapeptide. A cell-free system from Bacillus stearothermophilus, capable of synthesizing peptidoglycan, is 50% inhibited by teicoplanin at 40 μg/ml and 100% inhibited at 100 μg/ml; suppression of peptidoglycan synthesis is accompanied by parallel accumulation of the lipid intermediate. Teicoplanin binds to cell walls and forms a complex with N,N'-diacetyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine. The association constant of this complex is 2.56 x 106 liters mol-1, calculated by spectrophotometric titration. The mechanism of action of teicoplanin is discussed in comparison with those of other inhibitors of cell wall biosynthesis, namely, vancomycin, ristocetin, and gardimycin.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 1984|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)