Telemedicine in heart failure: Pre-specified and exploratory subgroup analyses from the TIM-HF trial

Friedrich Koehler, Sebastian Winkler, Michael Schieber, Udo Sechtem, Karl Stangl, Michael Böhm, Sophie De Brouwer, Emilie Perrin, Gert Baumann, Goetz Gelbrich, Herbert Boll, Marcus Honold, Kerstin Koehler, Bridget Anne Kirwan, Stefan D. Anker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Meta-analyses have suggested that remote telemedical management (RTM) positively affects clinical outcomes in chronic HF patients. The results of two recent randomised RTM trials do not corroborate these results. We aim to report prospectively defined and exploratory subgroup analyses for the TIM-HF trial and to identify a patient profile that could potentially benefit from RTM for further investigation in randomised clinical trials. Methods: In TIM-HF, 710 stable chronic HF patients, in NYHA class II or III with a history of HF decompensation within 2 years previously or a LVEF ≤ 25% were randomly assigned (1:1) to RTM or usual care. The primary outcome was total death and secondary outcomes included days lost due to death or HF hospitalisation and a composite of cardiovascular death and HF hospitalisation. Twelve subgroups were prospectively defined and patient profiling was investigated for the subgroup with a prior history of HF decompensation, an LVEF ≥ 25% and a PHQ-9 score <10. Results: The subgroup treatment effects were significant for total mortality for the PHQ-9 subgroup only (p for interaction <0.027). For the outcome 'number of days lost due to hospitalisation for HF or death', the subgroup treatment effects were significant (p for interaction <0.05) for patients with a prior HF decompensation or an ICD implant or a PHQ score of <10 and for the patient-profiling subgroup. Conclusions: Telemedicine management may not be appropriate for all HF patients. Future research needs to investigate which HF population may benefit from this intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2012


  • Chronic heart failure
  • Hospitalisation
  • Outcomes
  • Physician-led
  • Telemedical management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Telemedicine in heart failure: Pre-specified and exploratory subgroup analyses from the TIM-HF trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this