Telethermography: An objective method for evaluating patch test reactions

Luigi Laino, Aldo Di Carlo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Telethermography (TT) is a non-invasive imaging technique which can be used to evaluate the body's thermal gradients. It has recently been used as a diagnostic tool in many medical fields, especially in the study of the skin and other external organs. We assessed the applicability of TT in the objective evaluation of patch tests in allergic contact dermatitis, where clinical assessment is difficult, especially for atopic or brown-skinned individuals. In 34 individuals with a history of allergy to nickel sulphate (NiSO4), we applied a patch containing NiSO4 to the right side of the back and a patch containing 1% sodium-lauryl-sulphate (SLS) to the left side. As a control, we applied a patch containing an irritant (1% SLS) in a second group of 30 non-allergic individuals. A peculiar pattern was found for allergic reactions. This was characterized by a hot area that extended beyond the borders of the patch site and was oriented towards the nearest lymph-node(s), spreading as a hyperthermic line or lines. For the irritant test (SLS), the hot area was limited to the patch area, and the thermal gradients were lower. Thermography can be considered a useful complementary method for the evaluation of patch tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Dermatology
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Patch test
  • Thermography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Telethermography: An objective method for evaluating patch test reactions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this