Temozolomide and radiotherapy as first-line treatment of high-grade gliomas

Pietro Corsa, Salvatore Parisi, Arcangela Raguso, Michele Troiano, Antonio Perrone, Sabrina Cossa, Tindara Munafò, Michele Piombino, Girolamo Spagnoletti, Francesco Borgia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims and background: Temozolomide, a novel alkylating agent, has shown promising results in the treatment of patients with high-grade gliomas, when used as single agent as well as in combination with radiation therapy. Materials and methods: In this report we retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcome of 128 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of high-grade gliomas referred to our Institutions from April 1994 to November 2001. The first 64 patients were treated with radiotherapy alone and the other 64 with a combination of radiotherapy and temozolomide (31 with radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide and 33 with radiotherapy and concomitant temozolomide followed by adjuvant temozolomide). Results: Grade 3 hematological toxicity was scored in 9% of 64 patients treated with radiotherapy and temozolomide. No grade 4 hematological toxicity was reported, and the other acute side effects observed were mild or easily controlled with medications. Age, histology and administration of temozolomide were statistically significant prognostic factors associated with better 2-year overall survival. In contrast, we did not observe a significant difference in overall survival between adjuvant and concomitant/adjuvant temozolomide administration. Conclusions: We report the favorable results of a schedule combining radiotherapy and temozolomide in the treatment of patients with high-grade gliomas. The literature data and above all the findings of the phase III EORTC-NCIC 26981 trial suggest that actually the schedule can be used routinely in clinical practice. Further clinical studies, using temozolomide in combination with other agents, are required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-305
Number of pages7
JournalTumori
Volume92
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Anaplastic astrocytoma
  • Chemotherapy
  • Glioblastoma
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Temozolomide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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